San Marino. In March 2009, San Marino pledged to increase its participation in international efforts against tax refugees by entering into bilateral information exchange agreements, in accordance with OECD guidelines. According to countryaah, several such agreements were also signed during the year. The government further promised legislative changes regarding banking secrecy. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for abbreviation SM which stands for the nation of San Marino.
Parliamentary republic territorially included, in Italy, between Romagna and Montefeltro. According to tradition, it originated from a Christian community established in the 4th century. on Monte Titano under the guidance of the stonecutter Marino; autonomous from the bishop of Rimini (Placito Feretrano, 855), it was fortified and formed a municipality (the oldest statutes date back to the 13th century). Despite the pitfalls of the neighboring bishops and later of the Malatesta, he managed to remain independent and expand his territories (1460-63). In the middle of the 15th century. the arengo of the heads of the families was transformed into a Grand Council, made up of 60 citizens, which, renewing itself by co-optation, remained in operation for about four centuries. Recognized by Napoleon (1797) and by the Congress of Vienna (1815), during the Risorgimento the Republic offered asylum to many patriots; in the 20th century. it shared the experience of fascism and was bombed by the Allies (1944). Since 1945 the Christian Democratic (PDCS), Socialist (PSS) and Progressive Democratic (PPDS) parties alternate in government. The Republic of MS signed the customs union with all the countries of the European Union (1993) and entered the euro area (2002).