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Yearbook 2009

Georgia. The war against the Russian Federation in August 2008 cast its shadow over Georgia during the year. The opposition blamed President Micheil Saakashvili for the war, tens of thousands of refugees were homeless and a costly reconstruction awaited, while the effects of the international financial crisis also affected Georgia.

2009 Georgia

In January, Prime Minister Grigol Mgaloblisjvili resigned, according to his own statement for health reasons. However, contradictions were reported between him and Saakashvili, which would have led to regular fighting. This was denied by the president. Nikoloz "Nika" Gilauri, 33, former finance minister, was appointed new head of government.

According to countryaah, police marched against the Democratic Movement-United Georgia opposition party in March and arrested several members accused of weapons procurement. The party leader, former Speaker Nino Burdzjanadze, accused the regime of political persecution. Protests against the government followed and in April, about 60,000 people demonstrated demanding Saakashvili's departure. The protests continued, and when the regime in May said it had unveiled a military coup attempt, with a murder plot against Saakashvili, the opposition saw it as an ingenious attempt to quell the protests. Violence followed in Tbilisi, where the police went hard against protesters who tried to free opposition activists from police arrests. In order to avoid further violence, the regime canceled the celebration of Independence Day in late May. Then about 50,000 people demonstrated and again demanded the departure of Saakashvili. The protests eventually ebbed out and the opposition appeared as divided and seemed to lose power.

In September, the EU noted in a delayed investigation report that Georgia started the war against the Russian Federation through its attack on South Ossetia in August 2008. At the same time, it was emphasized that the Russian Federation provoked Georgia for a long time. To support the post-war reconstruction and face the consequences of the country's financial crisis, the World Bank in September pledged US $ 900 million in three-year loans.

The EU, the UN and the OSCE led talks between Georgia and the Russian Federation after the war. In February, the parties agreed on joint measures to be taken to prevent a new war on South Ossetia. But the tension increased during the spring, when NATO planned an exercise in Georgia. The Russian Federation called the exercise a provocation. At the same time, the Russian military was placed as a border guard at the breakaway republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia against Georgia.

Negotiations between Georgia and the Russian Federation began in May but were unsuccessful. In June, the Russian Federation refused to extend the mandate of UN observers monitoring the ceasefire between Georgia and Abkhazia since 1993. Georgia protested in August against the Russian Federation's Prime Minister Vladimir Putin - a year after the war - and termed his visit as a provocation. In December, the outbreak republic held its first presidential election following recognition by the Russian Federation. The incumbent President Sergei Bagapsh is re-elected.

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