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Yearbook 2009

Argentina. The ruling Peronist Party (Partido Justicialista) suffered a stinging defeat in the June 27 congressional elections. Although the government and its coalition partners still remained the largest group in Congress, they received only 30 percent of the vote, and the opposition, which won in the country's five most important provinces, gained a strong position.

2009 Argentina

According to countryaah, Néstor Kirchner, former president and current president Cristina Fernández de Kirchner's husband, took the consequences of the election defeat and resigned as leader of the Peronist Party. The elections to the provincial parishes in Corrientes, Santa Fé and Salta at the end of September also ended with great defeat for the ruling party. In general, the outcome of the elections was interpreted as Néstor Kirchner's chances of being able to stand in the 2011 presidential election become extremely small.

Part of the explanation for the poor election result is the government's handling of agricultural policy in recent years, but also the extremely low turnout, 28 percent, which was partly due to the election occurring during the worst phase of the new influenza H1N1, also called swine flu, in Argentina. As a result of the defeat, President Fernández de Kirchner carried out a major transformation of government; among other things, the finance minister was replaced.

The worst drought in 50 years forced President Fernández de Kirchner in January to announce disaster states in the worst-affected provinces. Affected farmers were given tax exemption for one year.

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