Beersheba is the capital of the Negev. This is an ancient city that is mentioned in the Bible with the name of Abram. Beer Sheva was founded at the intersection of caravan routes and still remains a major trading center.
According to Pet with Supplies, Jerusalem is known as “the capital of three religions” – here are the shrines of Christianity, Islam and Judaism. From the observation deck on Maslinichnaya Hill (793 m) the whole city is perfectly visible. In the center of Jerusalem the Old City is located. It is surrounded by walls that acquired their current form in the 16th century during the reign of the Turkish Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. Here is the main shrine of Christianity – the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Its construction began in the 4th century BC, since then the Temple has been destroyed and restored several times. The complex itself includes a small chapel – the Holy Sepulcher, the Church of the Resurrection, which houses part of the crown of thorns of Jesus Christ, and the Church of St. Helena. You should definitely visit the Church of St. Anne, which was built in the Romanesque style in the 12th century. According to legend, it was from this place that Jesus carried the cross along the Sorrowful Path. Here is also the oldest church building that has been preserved in Jerusalem . to the present day, is a 5th century crypt in the Greek Orthodox Church of St. John the Baptist.
The shrines of Islam are located in the Muslim quarter. A mosque with a golden dome rises above it, and the main place of worship is the Al-Aqsa Mosque, where, according to the Koran, the Prophet Muhammad was transferred during his “night journey”.
To the southwest of the Muslim Quarter is the Jewish Quarter. Of the main attractions of the quarter, one can single out the Israel Tower, the model of the First Temple, the remains of the citadel of David with the Jerusalem History Museum, the ruins of the Church of the Holy Virgin Mary, which was built in 543 under the emperor Justinian, the Hasmonean tunnels and the wide staircase of Maalot Rabbi Yehuda, which leads to the sacred place – Wailing Wall.
No less interesting are the buildings outside the Old Town. On the hillside of Givat Ram is the majestic building of the Knesset (Israeli Parliament), close to the English buildings – the Government Building, the Church of St. Andrew of Scotland, the buildings of the Central Post Office and the State Printing House. Along the central highway – Rambam Street, the Rehavia quarter stretches, where Jewish families live. The archaeological site of Rechavia is the tomb of Jason. This burial dates back to the 2nd century BC. e., it was discovered in 1956 during excavations.
Another great viewpoint of Jerusalem is Mount Scopus, on which the Hebrew University is located. Its construction began in 1918, and in 1925 its grand opening took place. The Jerusalem district of Talpiot is considered youth. Here on the streets of Nahalat Shiva and Yoel Salomon there are many discos and bars. The Feingold Court area is home to some of Jerusalem’s finest restaurants.
There are many museums in the city. The Rockefeller Museum contains the findings of archaeological excavations. It is called so because the money for its creation was donated by millionaire John Rockefeller. It is worth visiting the Art Gallery, the Latrun Military Museum with a souvenir department, the Museum of Bible Countries, the Museum of Islamic Art, the Museum of Musical Instruments, the Armenian Museum, the Museum of Natural Sciences.