British literature refers to the literature associated with the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands, as well as the literature of England, Wales, and Scotland prior to the formation of the country. Most of the works of British literature were written in the English language. The UK publishes about 206,000 books each year, making it the largest book publisher in the world. The capital of Scotland, Edinburgh, was declared a “City of Literature” by UNESCO.
According to andyeducation, the English poet and playwright William Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest playwright of all time. Among the most recognized English writers are Geoffrey Chaucer (14th century), Thomas Malory (15th century), Thomas More (16th century), and John Milton (17th century). A Samuel Richardson, writer of the eighteenth century, is credited with the invention of the epistolary novel. In the 19th century, more representatives of British literature followed: the innovative Jane Austen, the Gothic novelist Mary Shelley, the children’s story writer Lewis Carroll., the Brontë sisters, the social activist Charles Dickens, the naturalist Thomas Hardy, the visionary poet William Blake, and the romantic poet William Wordsworth.
The most famous writers of the 20th century include the science fiction novelist HG Wells, the children’s classic writers Rudyard Kipling and Alexander Milne, the controversial DH Lawrence, the modernist Virginia Woolf, the satirist Evelyn Waugh, the prophetic novelist George Orwell, the popular novelist Graham Greene, detective novelist Agatha Christie, and poets Ted Hughes and John Betjeman. Most recently, the Harry Potter book series, written by JK Rowling it has produced a resurgence in popularity for similar authors, such as JRR Tolkien and CS Lewis.
There are several quite popular styles of music in the UK, from the folk music of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales to heavy metal. Notable British classical music composers include: William Byrd, Henry Purcell, Edward Elgar, Gustav Holst, Arthur Sullivan (best known for working with librettist WS Gilbert), Ralph Vaughan Williams and Benjamin Britten, pioneer of modern opera British. Peter maxwell davies He is one of the most prominent living composers in the country and the current Queen’s music teacher. Also here are several internationally renowned symphony orchestras and choirs, such as the BBC Symphony Orchestra and the London Symphony Choir. The Baroque composer Georg Friedrich Händel, although born in Germany, obtained British citizenship and some of his best works, such as The Messiah, were written in English.
The most prominent Brits who have influenced popular music of the last 50 years include The Beatles, Queen, Cliff Richard, Elton John, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and The Rolling Stones, all of them with sales exceeding 200 million records in all the world. Likewise, The Beatles hold the record for music sales, with more than a billion records sold internationally. A large number of British cities are known for their music scene: statistically, Liverpool artists are the most successful on the UK Singles Chart. For its part, the contribution of Glasgow to the music scene was recognized in 2008, when it was named by UNESCO as “City of Music”, a title that it shares with Bologna, Seville and Ghent.
Sport is a key element of British culture. Many sports were created in the UK, including football, rugby, cricket, tennis and golf, with football being the most popular in the country. Internationally, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland compete separately in most team sports, as well as in the Commonwealth Games. However, in some sports the UK participates as a single team, such as basketball and tennis.
In the Olympic Games, the United Kingdom also participates as a single team, represented by the United Kingdom Olympic Committee. It has participated in each of the editions of the Olympic Games of the modern era and has hosted the 1908 Olympic Games, where it ranked first in the medal table, and the 1948 Olympic Games, both held in London., a city that was also chosen to host the London 2012 Olympic Games.
Football and the UK
The football has its origins in the UK, plus it was in this country where formalized and standardized, becoming the most popular sport. Each of the constituent countries has its own independent football association, national team and league system, although some clubs compete outside their home countries due to historical or logistical reasons.
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland compete as separate countries in international competitions and, as a consequence, the UK does not compete as a country in Olympic football. There are some proposals to have a UK national football team compete in the London 2012 Olympics, but Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland football associations have declined to participate, fearing they will lose their independence in football. refers. England’s soccer team has been the most successful of the four, winning the 1966 Soccer World Cup held in England itself.
England’s league system includes hundreds of interconnected leagues with thousands of divisions. The highest category, the Premier League, is the football league with the largest audience in the world. Under the Premier League, there is the Football League, which consists of three divisions, and then the Football Conference, which consists of a national division and two regional divisions. English teams have performed well in European competitions, including those that have won the European Cup / UEFA Champions League: Liverpool five times, Manchester United three times, Nottingham Forest two and Aston Villa in a. In all, the clubs of England have won 35 international competitions UEFA. The main sports arena in England is Wembley Stadium, where the English football team plays home, which has a capacity for 90,000 people.