In 2009, Croatia had a population of 4.5 million people and a population growth rate of -0.3%. The economy was driven by the export of commodities such as chemicals, machinery and foodstuffs. Croatia was an active member in many international organisations including the United Nations, the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). Politically, Croatia was a unitary republic with two major political parties: the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Social Democratic Party of Croatia (SDP). The then President was Stjepan Mesic who had been in office since 2000. He had previously served as Prime Minister from 1991 to 1992 under President Franjo Tudjman. See internetsailors for Croatia in the year of 2011.
Croatia is a Republic formerly belonging to Yugoslavia, proclaimed independent in 1991. It borders to the North with Slovenia and Hungary, to the East with Serbia, to the South with Bosnia, to the West it faces the Adriatic.
AE the territory of Croatia includes, between the Drava and the Sava, the extreme edge of the Pannonian Lowlands (Slavonia, Podravina and Posavina), to the West the limestone reliefs of the Dinaric Alps rise, with karst plateaus overhanging the sea. Along the coast almost all of Dalmatia belongs to Croatia, including the islands facing up to the Boka Kotorska, and a large part of Istria. Main rivers are the Sava and the Drava, tributaries of the Danube ; less important are the rivers that flow into the Adriatic (Zrmanja, Krka, Cetina, Neretva). The climate is Mediterranean in the coastal strip, continental inland. Bura is common on the highlands.
Croatia. According to countryaah, the hopes of completing the membership negotiations with the EU during the year faded when neighboring Slovenia blocked the negotiations. The reason was disagreement over the border crossing between the countries of the Piran Bay in the Adriatic. Eventually, both countries were reportedly approaching a settlement, and in November they agreed to leave international mediators to settle the border dispute. By then, negotiations with the EU had already resumed. Opportunities were considered to be completed in the first half of 2010. The EU had noted that Croatia had made sufficient progress in judicial reform and the restructuring of the shipbuilding industry. See ABBREVIATIONFINDER for abbreviation HR which stands for the nation of Croatia.
|Land area||56,594 km²|
|Population density (per km²）||74.7|
|Income per capita||$ 24,700|
|ISO 3166 code||MR|
|Time zone UTC||UTC + 1, daylight saving time UTC + 2|
|Geographic coordinates||45 10 N, 15 30 O|
In May, MP Branimir Glavas was sentenced to ten years in prison for war crimes by a Zagreb court. Glavas was the first high-ranking politician in Croatia to be convicted of abusing Croatians during the war in the early 1990s. He was arrested for the first time in 2006 but was released following a hunger strike. In April 2007, he was arrested again and prosecuted, but released at the end of the year after being re-elected to Parliament as a member of a right-wing party he founded himself. Shortly before the convict came, Glavas fled to Bosnia, where he is also a citizen.
On July 1, Prime Minister Ivo Sanader surprisingly announced that he would resign with immediate effect and completely withdraw from politics. He had previously figured as a conceivable candidate in the upcoming presidential election. Deputy Prime Minister Jadranka Kosor took over as Prime Minister and thus became the country’s first female head of government. The government in general remained intact. Kosor was also elected new leader of the ruling right-wing party HDZ.
In the first round of the presidential election in late December, Social Democrat Ivo Josipović was supported by a third of voters, against 15 percent for second, independent candidate Milan Bandić. The second round was planned after the turn of the year.
New verdict against former Prime Minister
Former Prime Minister Ivo Sanader (2003–2009) has been sentenced to eight years in prison for a number of corruption offenses. According to the court, Sanader, who is already serving a prison sentence for similar crimes (see April 4, 2019), has embezzled several million euros from the state treasury through illegal donations and illegal procurements. Both Sanader and his party, the ruling HDZ, are sentenced to pay damages of around 2 million euros each.