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Zimbabwe

Yearbook 2009

2009 ZimbabweZimbabwe. It was not until February 2009 that the unifying government could be formed under which President Robert Mugabe and opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai signed an agreement as early as September 2008. By then, Parliament had first adopted a constitutional amendment that created a new post as prime minister, weight for Tsvangirai, and a court laid a treason charge against Tsvangirai's close co-worker Tendai Biti, which allowed him to take on the almost hopeless task of trying as a finance minister to try to fix Zimbabwe's wrecked economy. Shortly after the New Year, the central bank issued a new banknote in the record denomination of 100 trillion Zimbabwean dollars, worth just over SEK 200. According to countryaah, the bank had stopped announcing figures for the inflation level, which was at hundreds of millions of percent. An attempt to curb inflation was made in February, when twelve zeros were deleted and a whole new set of banknotes were put into circulation. In the same vein, it was allowed to use the US dollar and the South African rand in daily trading, which in practice led to no longer using the domestic currency, which was soon also formally abolished.

2009 Zimbabwe

The unification of a unifying government did not mean that cooperation between Mugabe's party ZANU-PF (Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front) and Tsvangirai's MDC (Movement for Democratic Change) improved. On the same day that the government was to be installed, MDC representative Roy Bennett, a white former big farmer who was to become Deputy Minister of Agriculture, was arrested. He was first charged with treason, which was then changed to plans to collect weapons to disrupt social order. He was released on bail after one month. The occupation of agriculture owned by whites gained new momentum in the same vein as the unification government took office. Morgan Tsvangirai complained after a few months of reign that his party sympathizers were still subjected to harassment, violence and arrests by the Mugabe faithful police. Human rights activists were arrested and disappeared in unknown detention centers. A July conference on a new democratic constitution was interrupted by "war veterans" - a common term for ZANU-PF supporters - who stormed into the meeting room. Even in September, Tsvangirai noted that disagreement over the distribution of important items undermined cooperation.

At some points improvements were seen. The demolition of its own currency caused inflation to slow down. Price increases towards the end of the year were down to almost 0 percent. In addition, the economy strengthened by 4.7 percent during the year, the first growth in twelve years. While Tsvangirai got the cold when he traveled around Europe and the United States in June to appeal for financial aid, neighboring southern Africa granted US $ 400 million, and from China came a US $ 950 million loan. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) granted 400 million in September. However, these sums were still far from the approximately US $ 8 billion that the government felt was necessary to get the country in order. The opposition newspaper The Daily News regained its publishing license after five years of forced silence. The cholera epidemic that erupted in 2008,

But just a month later, MDC's Roy Bennett was arrested again and put on trial for plans to try to overthrow Mugabe by force. The arrest caused Tsvangirai and MDC to boycott the government meetings for a few weeks. After mediating from South African politicians, they interrupted the boycott, but gave Mugabe a month's notice to resolve all disputes.

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