Uganda. Despite a finalized peace agreement between the
government and the rebel movement The Lord's Resistance Army
(LRA), there was no peace in 2009. The LRA demanded that the
agreement be renegotiated in order for leader Joseph Kony to
sign it. According to
countryaah, the rebels are expelled from Uganda but still
operate in neighboring countries. Uganda's army withdrew
from Congo (Kinshasa) at the beginning of the year, where it
intervened in late 2008 with the approval of the Congolese
government to fight the LRA. The soldiers basically
proceeded directly to the Central African Republic, where
the LRA gained a new foothold.
A conflict of another nature caught fire in September,
when bloody riots broke out in Kampala. The unrest erupted
when the government prevented the traditional kingdom of
Buganda king Ronald Muwenda Mutevi II from visiting an area
outside the capital of Uganda, Kampala. The area is within
Buganda's traditional boundaries but is today populated by
another ethnic group that does not feel loyalty to the
kingdom. The government justified its decision that the
king's visit would have meant an unauthorized political
mark. At least 20 people were killed and about 50 injured
when young people from the tragedy clashed with the riot
police in the capital. The traditional kingdoms are formally
allowed to play only a cultural role but in practice also
exert a political influence.
In January, the Supreme Court ruled that sentenced
prisoners who have not yet been executed three years after
the sentence should have their sentences converted to life
imprisonment. The Court also called on Parliament to launch
a debate on the fairness of retaining the death penalty.
The freedom of assembly and organization was drastically
reduced with Museveni's signing of the Public Order
Management Act in October 2013. The law dramatically reduced
the number of demonstrations and protests during 2014.
In February 2014, Museveni signed a law against
Homosexuality. Homosexuals will now be sentenced from 2
years to life in prison. At the same time, the country's
media ran a swine campaign against gays. The law caused
Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden to suspend assistance to
the country. Two years earlier, the hackers group had
anonymously hacked a number of the government's Web
sites in protest against homophobia in the country. In July,
however, the Constitutional Court overturned the law, citing
that Parliament had not been quorum when it was passed.
However, the law had already resulted in LGBT people being
kicked out of their homes, fired or assaulted in public
In June 2014, two piglets were smuggled into parliament
in protest of the widespread corruption in the country and
insult among its parliamentarians. In 2012, the World Bank
estimated that corruption amounted to DKK 286 million. US $.
The country's parliamentarians already had a salary 60 times
higher than government officials. In 2012, DKK 12.6 million
disappeared. US $ in aid funds from the Prime Minister's
Office. It became a public scandal that caused the EU,
Britain, Germany, Ireland, Norway and Denmark to suspend
In September 2014, Museveni replaced Prime Minister
Mbabazi with former Health Minister Ruhakana Rugunda.
Five senior officials of the country's National Park
Board were suspended in November after 5 tons of ivory had
been stolen from the board's stocks.
LRA commander Dominic Ongwen surrendered in January 2015.
He was wanted for war crimes and international human rights
organizations demanded him extradited to prosecution by the
ICC. He was later transferred to The Hague, despite fierce
opposition from the Ugandan government, who wanted him to
stand trial in Kampala.
In July 2015, WikiLeaks was able to unveil secret talks
between the presidential office and the Hacking Team on
hacking software delivery. In November, Privacy
International reported on the delivery of hacking software
to the Ugandan military for intrusion into opposition and
suspected regime opponents' computers. In Denmark, PET uses
similar software to penetrate the computers of oppositional
and supposed regime opponents.