Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Asia > Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Yearbook 2009

Sri Lanka. By the end of 2008, the army had had great successes in the war against the Tamil guerrilla LTTE and after the turn of the year the rebels were driven to a rapid retreat. Most of their remaining strongholds were taken by the army in January and the situation of the once-powerful guerrillas became desperate. The LTTE conducted suicide bombings among fleeing civilians to force them into the combat zone as human shields, and the guerrilla's small aircraft fleet attacked the capital, Colombo.

2009 Sri Lanka

According to countryaah, all proposals for peace negotiations were rejected by the government. While the UN raised alarms about horrific civilian casualties in the fighting, the intensity of war increased in March as guerrillas entered a less than 25 square kilometer jungle area in the Northeast. According to the army, tens of thousands of civilians had managed to get out of the war zone, but the government refused to allow humanitarian organizations to help the hundreds of thousands believed to remain there. Proposals from the outside world on the ceasefire for humanitarian reasons were rejected by the government as undue mastery. since being visited by France and Britain's foreign ministers. Sweden's Carl Bildt, who would have participated in the same trip, did not get an entry permit.

In May the fighting culminated since the last land strip on the east coast held by the guerrillas had been taken by the army. The battle zone where LTTE hedged shrank to a few square kilometers and on May 19, the government announced that the mythical LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran had been killed. 26 years of civil war were over, and the world's once most powerful and most merciless guerrilla army was annihilated. The man who proclaimed himself the new leader of the guerrillas was arrested in June in Southeast Asia and flown to Sri Lanka.

An appeal by UN Human Rights Commissioner Navi Pillay for an independent investigation into both sides' abuses was rejected by the government, which was supported by its UN Human Rights Council's no-vote. The war was over, but for about a quarter of a million civilian Tamils held in detention camps, life remained unbearable. The government persisted in its rejection of international organizations' demands for transparency in the conditions, but began to empty the camps during the autumn. Meanwhile, all refugees' backgrounds were checked so that no guerrilla warriors could hide among them. A few thousand who were said to have admitted that they belonged to the LTTE were expected to be tried. Riding on the wave of success, the government conducted general elections in several provinces and prevailed in all.

Other Countries in Asia

Hyper Countries Copyright 2009 - 2020 All Rights Reserved