São Tomé and Príncipe. In February, the government said
it had averted a coup attempt. About 30 people were
arrested, including MP Arlecio Costa from the Christian
Democratic Front. According to
countryaah, Costa had previously been identified as
one of the people responsible for a coup in 2003, which
however was quickly defeated. About half of those arrested
were released after questioning, but 18 people, including
Costa, were detained and brought to trial in October. They
were charged with membership in a criminal organization,
illegal weapons possession and preparation for an attack on
the state. Several of the defendants had a past as
mercenaries in South African service.
In July, the former colonial power of Portugal set itself
the guarantor of the Saotomean currency's, dobrans,
stability by tying it at a fixed exchange rate to the euro.