Qatar. In conjunction with the Arab League summit in Doha
March 30-31, Qatar's emir, Hamad bin Khalifa, welcomed
Sudan's internationally-renowned leader Omar al-Bashir.
assembled leaders also agreed to support al-Bashir and
protest the arrest warrant of the International Criminal
In August, the Qatari state was reported to have reached
an agreement with the owners of the crisis-hit German car
manufacturer Porsche to buy 10 percent of the ownership
families of Porsche and Piech. The deal would make Qatar the
carmaker's third largest shareholder.
Qatar's contemporary history
Qatar has used its economic strength to play a more
active foreign policy role than the country's size would
indicate. The country has, among other things, engaged as a
broker to resolve regional crises, but also by participating
in multinational military actions, or also by supporting
rebel groups in other Arab countries. Qatar has also become
internationally prominent through the television channel Al
Qatar's leader, the emir, has pursued a somewhat more
liberal domestic policy than other Gulf states , even though
the country is uniquely governed, and on the basis of
Islamic sharia law. Both domestic and foreign policy have
led to contradictions in relation to other countries in the
region. This also applies to states Qatar is allied to
through the Gulf Council (GCC). The GCC's strongest players
- with Saudi Arabia as the leading player - severed
diplomatic relations with Qatar and physically isolated the
country during a political crisis in 2017.
Oppositions to other countries in the Arabian Peninsula,
especially the regional power of Saudi Arabia , have several
causes. The most pronounced is about the relationship with
Iran, which is a regional rival to Saudi Arabia. Qatar has
common economic interests with Iran through the extraction
of large gas deposits in the ocean between the two
countries, and has a more pragmatic attitude to Iran than
other peninsula countries. Qatar has also taken a position
on regional conflicts and actors that do not match the view
of some GCC allies. In particular, Qatar has support for the
Muslim Brotherhood, including in Egypt during the Arab
Spring, led to disagreement. Similarly, Qatar and other
countries have support for various political and military
groups in Syria.
Qatar has joined forces in multinational military
operations during the civil war in Libya and the war in
Syria. At the same time, the country has supported jihadist
groups in Syria. Qatar also sent forces to the Saudi-led
operation in Yemen. Qatar is a military ally with the United
States, which has two bases in the country.
Qatar has experienced internal contradictions and power
struggles in the ruling al-Thani family, with a palace coup
in 1972 and 1995. Qatar is still a largely stable country
with few open contradictions and little internal turmoil.
The country was therefore not haunted by political uprisings
during the Arab Spring of 2011.