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Yearbook 2009

Peru. In mid-April, former President Alberto Fujimori (President in the years 1990-2000) was sentenced after 16 months to a 25-year prison sentence by a Lima human rights court. According to countryaah, the court found that Fujimori had knowledge of and even given his consent to murders and kidnappings, mostly carried out by a branch of the army security service. Fujimori appealed the verdict immediately. Ex-President's daughter Keiko Fujimori, who is aiming to stand in the 2011 presidential election, declared that the ruling was political and will be torn down by her, and that she will instead face current president Alan García if she wins the election. However, the chances of her doing so are small; 70 percent of Peruvians believe that Fujimori is guilty of what he is accused of.

2009 Peru

Ironically, the Maoist guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso, whom President García tried in vain to defeat during his last term of 1985-90 and which Fujimori succeeded, has shown increased activity under García's current mandate. In April, 14 soldiers died in an ambush in Vizcatan in southern Ayacucho Province, and until then 33 soldiers had been killed and 43 injured during the army's latest offensive that began in August 2008. The army claimed that one of Sendero Luminoso's leader, "Comrade Artemio", was injured in an attack on a guerrilla base in Upper Huallaga Valley in July.

The worst outbreak of political violence in recent years occurred in early June, when Indians in the Amazon Province clashed with police and 33 people were killed. The Indians objected to a congressional decision to open for private investment and exploitation in an area they consider to be traditionally owned by Native Americans.

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