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North and Central America

North America - Plant Growth

Farther to the north is the Arctic tundra, and to the south of it a wide boreal coniferous belt, reminiscent of the corresponding zone in Europe and Siberia. Here, species of spruce, noble spruce and larch dominate, and large areas are covered with cherries and mosses. Along the west coast from Southern Alaska to Northern California are moist, species-rich coniferous forests with some of the world's tallest trees (including Douglas fir and redwood). Based on, Coniferous forest also occurs in the mountainous areas of western North America, where many species of pine are especially prominent.

In the eastern part of the continent, the boundary between tundra and coniferous forest extends further south and is located in Labrador at approximately 53 30 ' Around the Great Lakes and in the New England states, natural vegetation is mixed forests of a type reminiscent of the forests of central Scandinavia, however, with several species. Many herbaceous plants in these areas are identical or closely related to European species. In the eastern and central United States there are species-rich deciduous forests; Here are species of oak, ash, walnut, chestnut, hickory, tulip tree and (in the South) magnolia oil.

2009 North and Central AmericaThe areas between deciduous forests in the east and the Rocky Mountains in the west are naturally wooded steppe, prairie. In the east, where annual rainfall is 500-900 mm, tall, perennial grasses dominate in the genera Stipa, Andropogon, Sporobolus and others; In the rainy shade of the Rocky Mountains, short grass prairie with lower grass species and even small cacti occurs. The prairie is now mostly cultivated with, among other things, corn and wheat.

In California, where the climate is Mediterranean, vegetation types resemble the Mediterranean, for example, chaparral, which resembles lemur; the area is rich in species and has many endemic species. The arid regions of the southwest United States and NV-Mexico are dominated by cacti, agave, yucca and other succulent plants. In Mexico, there are northern elements, for example many oak and pine species, and tropical vegetation types, from rainforest to desert.

Central America

Central America is a continental region bounded to the north by the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and to the south by Colombia. The region is divided into continental Central America, which comprises a strip of land emerging from a position between North America and South America (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama); and island, formed by a group of islands located in the Caribbean Sea (Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico).

One of the main arguments used to designate Central America as a continent is that it is located on a tectonic plate different from the North American plate: the Caribbean plate. Much of the continent is marked by intense volcanic activity, in addition to a significant amount of earthquakes.

The predominant climate on the continent is tropical; regions located at higher altitudes are rainier. In fact, rainfall rates in Central America are directly influenced by the direction of the winds and the position of the tropical convergence zones.

Central America has a timid economy, based mainly on agriculture, livestock and logging. In 1824, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica joined and founded the “United States of Central America”, however, due to administrative and financial problems, the bloc was disbanded in 1840. Poverty is one of the main problems in Central America: in Nicaragua, for example, 48% of the population is below the poverty line.

Countries in North America
  1. Antigua and Barbuda
  2. Bahamas
  3. Barbados
  4. Belize
  5. Canada
  6. Costa Rica
  7. Cuba
  8. Dominica
  9. Dominican Republic
  10. El Salvador
  11. Greenland
  12. Grenada
  13. Guatemala
  14. Haiti
  15. Honduras
  16. Jamaica
  17. Mexico
  18. Nicaragua
  19. Panama
  20. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  21. Saint Lucia
  22. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  23. Trinidad and Tobago
  24. United States

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