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Nigeria

Yearbook 2009

Nigeria. The unrest in the oil-producing Niger Delta declined since President Umaru Yar'Adua in June repeated an offer of amnesty to the rebels who have attacked oil facilities for several years, leading to significantly reduced production. According to countryaah, the government released rebel group MEND (Nigerian Liberation Movement) leader Henry Okah, who has been incarcerated since being expelled from Angola in 2008, after publicly renouncing the violence. MEND first responded to the offer by, for the first time, attacking a facility in Lagos, Nigeria's largest city, far away from the normal operation area of ​​the operation. Then the rebels began to give up their weapons. Despite often contradictory messages from the loosely organized movement, a large majority of members appeared to have given up the fight in the fall.

2009 Nigeria

In November, the European Commission allocated approximately SEK 7 billion to development projects in Nigeria. The money will mainly be devoted to peace building in the Niger Delta, fighting corruption and strengthening human rights. In July, Nigeria signed an agreement with Niger and Algeria to build a pipeline for Nigerian gas through the Sahara to Europe. A number of foreign companies showed interest in the project, which was estimated to cost about USD 13 billion.

In June, Shell's oil company settled in favor with relatives of activists from the Ogoni people who were executed in 1995 by the then military regime. The relatives had sued Shell before a court in the United States, and the settlement was closed the week before the case would have been filed there. The Ogony group accused Shell of participating in murders, torture and other abuses in the Niger Delta. The company denied debt but agreed to pay $ 15.5 million in damages as a "reconciliation gesture".

As unrest worsened in the south, another conflict flared up in the north, where violent fighting was fought in July and August between militant Islamists and the security forces. Mainly, it was members of a Taliban-like movement called Boko Haram (roughly Western education is a sin) that attacked police stations after several of its leaders had been arrested for information that they had begun to arm themselves. After great efforts by the police and extra military, hundreds of members could be arrested and a few hundred women and children who kept the movement captive were released. About 800 people were killed, most Islamists, during the fighting week. Among those killed was the group's founder Muhammad Yusuf, who was shot dead at a police station after being arrested.

In August, the heads of five of the country's largest banks were dismissed after they were revealed to have granted gigantic loans on loose grounds. Among those who took out virtually unsecured loans were companies, state governments and several of Nigeria's richest people. The central bank saved the banks with a crisis package of US $ 2.6 billion for not collapsing, which could have thrown the entire banking system in the country.

Just before Christmas, an opposition politician turned to a federal court with a request that it decide whether President Umaru Yar'Adua is capable of leading the country. Yar'Adua has been cared for at the end of November in a hospital in Saudi Arabia.

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