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Nepal

Yearbook 2009

Nepal. Collaboration between the Maoist-led government and government institutions cracked down. The Maoists protested that the army was recruiting soldiers without first enrolling former guerrillas, as stipulated in the peace treaty that set the stage for the 10-year civil war. By way of countermeasures, the Maoists announced that they would themselves invest in extensive new recruitment. The government's decision to retire eight senior generals was overturned by the Supreme Court, and when the government dismissed the commander-in-chief for refusing to obey guerrilla soldiers in the army, the president intervened and declared the dismissal unconstitutional. That allowed the government, under former guerrilla leader Pushpa Kamal Dahal - better known as Prachanda - to resign.

2009 Nepal

According to countryaah, the Maoist Party's dominance in Parliament made it difficult to form a new government, but after a few weeks of negotiations, 22 of the Parliament's 24 parties supported a new minister led by the Nepal Congress and the Nepal Communist Party/United Marxist Leninists. New Prime Minister became Communist Party Madhav Kumar Nepal. However, the Maoists continued to protest against the president's actions in support of the commander, and conducted a series of demonstrations during the year. The former guerrilla also blocked Parliament's budget work so that the government in October claimed that it did not have the money to even pay its ministers. However, there was no greater risk of a return to war.

Up to 3,000 guerrillas under the age of 18, who had been interned in camps since the end of the war, awaiting their future, began to be released during the year to be re-incorporated into civil society. Parliament also agreed to solve the problem of at least 16,000 former rebels and appointed a commission to submit concrete proposals by March 2010. A government inquiry showed that the 1996-2006 war claimed more than 16,000 lives, which was about 3,000 more than previously estimated.

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