Mongolia. In the May presidential election, the bourgeois
opposition candidate Tsachiagijn Elbegdordj, former prime
minister in two rounds, won the election on the promise of
tough fight against corruption. He received just over 51
percent of the vote, against just over 47 percent for
incumbent Socialist President Nambarijn Enchbajar. He
quickly defeated and the change of power took place without
protests or unrest, in stark contrast to the riots following
the victory of the Communists in the 2008 parliamentary
elections which demanded several deaths.
countryaah, Parliament decided in August to lift the tax on 68 per
cent of corporate profits that would have come into force in
2011. The intention was to stimulate foreign mining
companies' investments in Mongolia's large mineral deposits.
The greatest hope for future large incomes is linked to the
copper and gold mine of Oju Tolgoi north of the Chinese
border, which is believed to hold among the richest deposits
in the world and, after expansion, can be utilized for the
rest of this century. In October, an agreement was signed
between Mongolia and mining companies Rio Tinto and Ivan hoe
on the exploitation of Oju Tolgoi. According to the
government, the contract was worth USD 4 billion.
In October, Prime Minister Sanj Bayar resigned,
addressing health reasons. He was succeeded by Foreign
Minister Batbold Sukhbaatar.
Sükhbaataryn Batbold was inaugurated as Prime Minister in
October 2009. Before that, he was from 2008 foreign
The head of the Mogolia National Security Council, Bat
Khurts, was arrested in 2010 at Heathrow airport in London
and in August 2011 extradited to Germany. However, he was
later released and returned to Mongolia. The arrest warrant
appointed him co-responsible for the 2003 kidnapping in
France of the Mongol Enkhbat Damiran. Khurts returned to
Mongolia, where he became the head of an independent unit to
fight corruption in the country.
In 2009, President Elbegdorj chosen on his opposition to
corruption. In March 2011, he conducted a roundtable with
business representatives and NGOs to discuss anti-corruption
Mongolia nurtures relations with both Russia, China and
the United States. In 2003, the country recognized the US
occupation of Iraq and the occupation of Afghanistan. The
country has had occupation troops in both Iraq and
Elbegdorj was re-elected in June 2013 with 50.9% of the
vote. In October, he visited North Korea, to which Mongolia
has historically had close ties.
The Special Investigation Unit under the State
Prosecutor's Office was shut down in January 2014. The unit
was responsible for investigating charges against
prosecutors, judges and police officers who made confessions
during interrogations (torture). Thus, the country no longer
had an independent entity that could investigate charges of
torture or ill-treatment. The police were then responsible
for this investigation, and despite subsequent reports of
torture, these did not later lead to charges.
In November 2014, Parliament elected Chimediin
Saikhanbileg as new Prime Minister with 42 against 2 votes.
32 were absent. The new prime minister's most important task
was to attract new investment to the country. In 2013, Rio
Tinto had suspended the expansion of the world's largest
copper mine, Oyu Tolgoi in Ömnögovi province. It had been
planned for Oyu Tolgoi mining complex to account for one
third of the country's GDP by 2020. During the period
2012-15, foreign investment in the country fell by DKK 4
billion. US $.
The June 2016 parliamentary elections gave a landslide
victory to the Social Democratic Mongolian People's Party
(MPP), which went up to 39 seats up to 65. The Liberal
Democratic Party, in turn, lost 25 seats and had to settle
for 9. Part of the explanation for the significant landslide
was that the election law a month before had changed, so the
principle of proportionality was removed. The June election
was therefore the first choice based solely on individual
circles. Following the election, the MPP's Jargaltulgyn
Erdenebat was inaugurated as prime minister.
Khaltmaagiin Battulga from the Liberal Democratic Party
won the presidential election in June-July 2017. He gained
38.6% in the first round and 55.2% in the second. His main
counterpart was Miyeegombyn Enkhbold of the Social
Democratic Mongolian People's Party. He got 30.8% in the
first and 44.9% in the second round.
In October 2017, Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh of the MPP took
over the post of Prime Minister.