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Yearbook 2009

2009 IsraelIsrael. The re-election to Parliament on February 10 became a victory for conservative and nationalist forces. During the election campaign, Benjamin Netanyahu, leader of the conservative Likud, accused the Kadima central party and the Leftist Labor Party of prematurely interrupting the Gaza Strip military offensive around New Year. Ehud Barak, Minister of Defense and leader of the Labor Party, said the offensive had the intended effect.

Kadima became Knesset's largest party with 28 seats (compared to 29 in the last election of 2006), but Likud more than doubled its number of seats and landed at 27. Third largest party became the right-wing extremist Yisrael Beitenu with 15 seats and first came in fourth place The Labor Party with 13 seats. Kadim leader Tzipi Livni refused to form an alliance with Yisrael Beitenu. After negotiations, Netanyahu in March presented a coalition in which Likud allied with Yisrael Beitenu, the Labor Party and the two nationalist small parties Shas and the Jewish home.

2009 Israel

According to countryaah, the new Foreign Minister became Yisrael Beitenu's leader Avigdor Lieberman, who already made his first day on the job clear that he did not feel that Israel had an obligation to fulfill its 2007 promise to contribute to the establishment of a Palestinian state. His statement was criticized internationally. Israel also received very sharp criticism of the massive New Year offensive against the Gaza Strip. The United Nations Security Council voted January 8 through Resolution 1860 calling for immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of Israeli troops from Gaza. For the first time in many years, the United States did not use its veto power to support Israel, but instead cast its vote. All other members of the Council voted in favor of the resolution.

Following the offensive came several reports that Israel was violating human rights and international law, including by using white phosphorus against civilians, an inflammable substance that causes severe and deadly wounds.

According to a report presented by the South African Judge Richard Goldstone in September on behalf of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), Israel was guilty of extensive war crimes in the form of, among other things, attacks on food supply, water systems, hospitals, ambulances, factories, government buildings and thousands of residential buildings. and by oppression of Israeli oppositionists. According to the report, the intention of the offensive was to "punish, humiliate and terrorize the civilian population".

Israel rejected the report as "subjective" and claimed that the Palestinian militia used civilians as human shields. Goldstone recommended Israel and the Gaza leaders to investigate the allegations within six months and report the outcome to the UN Security Council. If they did not, they would be reported to the International Criminal Court (ICC).

Israel and Sweden ended up in a diplomatic conflict since the newspaper Aftonbladet August 17 published an article in which Israeli military was accused of killing Palestinians for the purpose of stealing their bodies. Israel demanded that the Swedish government condemn the article, but Foreign Minister Carl Bildt rejected the claim with reference to freedom of the press.

Gilad Shalit, an Israeli soldier captured by Hamas in 2006, appeared in a video recording in October that the militant Hamas movement published in exchange for the release of 20 imprisoned Palestinian women.

Former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert was indicted in August for three cases of corruption during his time as mayor of Jerusalem and as a minister in the government but before the prime minister's term. Former President Moshe Katsav was charged March 19 for rape and other sex crimes against former employees of his staff.

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