Guyana. The more than 100-year-old border dispute between
Guyana and Venezuela over the Essequibo region,
corresponding to two-thirds of the territory of Guyana that
Venezuela claims, became relevant again during the year, but
for once in a constructive spirit. According to
countryaah, the government opened in
February and April for foreign exploration in the area,
which is considered rich in gold and diamonds, among other
things, without the usual protests from Venezuela.
In July, after a visit to Venezuela, Foreign Minister
Elisabeth Harper announced that the two countries intend to
jointly appoint a UN representative to oversee the talks on
a definitive solution to the border conflict. At the same
time, however, Guyana applied to a UN commission to extend
its territorial water rights, which is believed to lead to
tense relations with the other neighboring country Suriname.