Grenada. According to
countryaah, the many legal trips around the so-called
Grenada 17, during the fall, seemed to have reached the end
of the road after 26 years; in September, the last seven
prisoners of the 1983 military coup were released.
In 1986, 14 of Grenada 17 were sentenced to death for
carrying out the coup, which among other things led to the
murder of then Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and nine other
government officials. Other coup makers were sentenced to
prison. The death penalty was converted in 1991 to life
imprisonment, and a prisoner was later released.
In 2007, the Grenada Supreme Court of Appeal, the Privy
Council in London, ruled that the trials against the 17 had
violated the country's constitution. The Supreme Court
decided to retake the trials against the 13 people who were
still in prison. Six were later released, while seven
remained in prison until September 2009. The first trials
against the 17 coup makers received sharp criticism from
several quarters; among others, the human rights
organization Amnesty International defined the 14 as
prisoners of conscience (political prisoners).
The coup in 1983 was carried out by a left flank within
Prime Minister Bishop's Socialist Party and it prompted a
US-led invasion of the country. The invasion took place on
the orders of US President Ronald Reagan.
In July, Justice Minister Jimmy Bristol was forced to
resign after admitting to using his position as a government
member to help his stepson Emmanuel Ganpot, who was charged
in the United States for drug-related crimes. Rohan Phillip
took over the post of Grenada Minister of Justice.