Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Europe > Germany

Germany

Yearbook 2009

2009 GermanyGermany. In January, the government presented a second stimulus package of EUR 49 billion to cope with the most difficult recession in the country in decades. A first package had been adopted a few months earlier. Chancellor Angela Merkel, who has long been dismissive of further action, admitted that the situation was extreme. The package included investments in schools, roads and hospitals, tax and fee reductions, increased social benefits and a scrapping premium for older cars. The premium led to two million cars being replaced and new car sales getting an unexpectedly big push. In the spring, a law was also passed that allowed the state to take over bankrupt banks. It was used in October when the state took over the crisis-hit property bank Hypo Real Estate, despite protests from small shareholders.

2009 Germany

What was called a super election year began with the new election in Hesse in January. The Social Democratic SPD, which in vain tried to form government for a year, suffered a stinging defeat. According to countryaah, Christian Democratic CDU formed a coalition with the liberal FDP, which has progressed very strongly. Federal President Horst Köhler was re-elected in May for a second, five-year term. Köhler was a bourgeois candidate and with a small margin got his own majority in the first round. The closest challengers were the SPD's and the Green's candidate Gesine Schwan. The president, who primarily has representative duties, is elected indirectly by an electoral college. Three elections in August resulted in three CDU-led state governments: in coalition with the FDP in Saxony, with the FDP and the Greens in Saarland and with the SDP in Thuringia.

The focus of the Bundestag election on September 27 was the financial crisis, wallet issues and the German troops presence in Afghanistan. The electoral movement was somewhat rejected - the CDU and the SPD who sat together in the outgoing "big coalition" had a hard time vigorously attacking each other. But the SPD hopelessly lagged in opinion polls and the election prepared the way for a new, completely bourgeois government. Although the Christian Democrats in the CDU and the sister party CSU backed slightly to just under 34 percent, the liberal FDP made its best choice so far and received nearly 15 percent of the vote. This gave the bourgeois a comfortable majority with 332 of 622 seats in the Bundestag. For the SPD, the election meant a historic loss. With 23 percent of the vote, the party recorded its worst result during the post-war period. As a result, Franz Müntefering left the party leader post; he was replaced by Sigmar Gabriel. The SPD's chancellor candidate Frank-Walter Steinmeier became the party's group leader on the Bundestag. The party's crusade was explained, among other things, by the strict savings program that was launched in the early 2000s and which got the jumpers to join the new left party Die Linke. Die Linke received 12 percent of the vote, and the Greens around 10 percent. In Brandenburg, where the state elections were held at the same time, the SPD government formed together with Die Linke - something that was highlighted as unthinkable on the national level. In the recent election held in Schleswig-Holstein, the CDU won. The party's crusade was explained, among other things, by the strict savings program that was launched in the early 2000s and which got the jumpers to join the new left party Die Linke. Die Linke received 12 percent of the vote, and the Greens around 10 percent. In Brandenburg, where the state elections were held at the same time, the SPD government formed together with Die Linke - something that was highlighted as unthinkable on the national level. In the recent election held in Schleswig-Holstein, the CDU won. The party's crusade was explained, among other things, by the strict savings program that was launched in the early 2000s and which got the jumpers to join the new left party Die Linke. Die Linke received 12 percent of the vote, and the Greens around 10 percent. In Brandenburg, where the state elections were held at the same time, the SPD government formed together with Die Linke - something that was highlighted as unthinkable on the national level. In the recent election held in Schleswig-Holstein, the CDU won.

Just a month after the election, Merkel formed a new bourgeois government with FDP leader Guido Westerwelle as foreign minister. The new government took an offensive approach to give continued momentum to the growth that has just turned upwards after a year-long downturn, and promised tax relief of € 24 billion. It was not clear how they would be financed; Germany was estimated to have a budget deficit of about 4 percent and had a record high government debt of approximately 1.6 trillion euros to manage.

Requirements for stricter gun laws have been heard again since a 17-year-old in Winnenden in March hired carnage with a gun he had stolen from his father. The boy shot nine students and three teachers at his former school and three people outside the school before taking his life.

In November, the 20th anniversary was celebrated by the fall of the Berlin Wall, which prepared the way for Germany's reunification. Hundreds of thousands of people were present and speeches were held by both contemporary and then political elevators from a number of countries.

An air raid carried out on German orders in Afghanistan in September grew towards the end of the year to an increasingly hot domestic political issue. Accusations of attempts to darken that there were civilian casualties among over 140 dead in the attack on two tankers led to the resignation of Germany's commander-in-chief, the secretary of state of the Ministry of Defense and the then Minister of Defense. In December, an investigation was launched into the airstrike, and the new Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg also seemed to be sitting loose.

Other Countries in Europe

Hyper Countries Copyright 2009 - 2020 All Rights Reserved