Ethiopia. In January, Ethiopia withdrew the army from
Somalia, where it entered December 2006 to crush Islamist
militia. The government felt that the Somali provisional
government now had control over the country. Just a few
months later, the Ethiopian government acknowledged that
"covert associations" had re-entered Somalia, where the
Islamists had once again taken over. However, Ethiopia said
that regular combatants would not be sent to the neighboring
country without an international mandate. A request by the
Somali government for squad support was rejected.
A harsh domestic political climate existed. At the turn
of the year, one of the opposition leaders, Birtukan
Midekssa, was sentenced to life imprisonment after being
reported to, among other things, Sweden, denied having asked
for forgiveness for her participation in the unrest
following the 2005 parliamentary elections. protested
against the prison land, but Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
explained that a pardon must be lifted if it was based on
countryaah, Ethiopia was also criticized for a law that voluntary
organizations that are more than 10 percent financed from
abroad cannot work on human rights issues. A new
anti-terrorism law was criticized for overly sweeping
formulations. The law was feared to stifle the political
debate and lead to arbitrary arrests and unfair trials.
In April, around 30 were arrested for alleged plans to
overthrow the government. They were members of the exile
organization 7 ginbot (May 15 movement), led by the exiled
mayor of Addis Ababa, Berhanu Nega. In December, five
members of the organization were sentenced to death and 33
to life imprisonment. Ten of them had been investigated in
their absence, including the doomed Nega.
China, which is a strong support for many African regimes
with problematic relations with the Western powers, will
build two hydroelectric power plants with a capacity of over
2,000 megawatts for the equivalent of about SEK 20 billion.
They will be ready for 2014.