Equatorial Guinea. According to
countryaah, the army claimed in February to have
fought back an invasion attempt. For three hours one
morning, heavy gunfire was heard around the capital Malabo
and, according to the government, the target of the invasion
was the presidential palace. About 15 attackers were
reported to have been arrested while several managed to
escape. The government accused the Nigerian armed group MEND
(Movement of Niger Delta Liberation) of being behind the
attack, but MEND denied involvement and in turn blamed
rebels from the disputed Bakassi Peninsula which was
transferred from Nigeria to Cameroon in 2008.
The oil-rich Equatorial Guinea announced plans for a
major upgrading of its infrastructure, including a doubling
of capacity in the country's ports. One intention is to be
able to function as a regional trading center on the day of
oil and gas pressure. The expansion is expected to be
completed by 2011 at a cost of approximately SEK 15 billion.
In November, President Teodoro Obiang Nguema was
re-elected with 95.2 percent of the vote in an election that
was met with great skepticism among human rights groups.
Despite formal multi-party democracy, the Nguema family has
total control over power.
The dictatorship has attracted several coup attempts over
the years. British mercenary Simon Mann and four other
people, sentenced in 2008 to long prison terms for a coup
attempt in 2004, were pardoned in November for "humanitarian