Djibouti. According to
countryaah, the UN Security Council adopted January 14,
Resolution 1862, in which the Council expressed "deep
concern" about the tension at the border between Djibouti
and Eritrea. The Security Council ruled that Djibouti had
withdrawn its troops from Eritrean and demanded that Eritrea
also leave the country. In April, the Security Council found
that Eritrea had not complied with the requirement.Djibouti was hit in September by severe drought with
The first results, which ended in late 1984, were not
encouraging: a fall in passenger numbers and the conversion
of goods to Ethiopia and Somalia reduced both customs
revenue and partly the country's overall banking business.
The internal conflicts that went on for a long time were the
main reasons for the restraint of European capital.
In 1986, in cooperation with the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, the Gouled government initiated a
continuation of the return process for the more than 100,000
refugees that had been interrupted in 1983. which had been
isolated during the 1977 conflict with Somalia over the
The foreign military presence in Djibouti escalated in
August 1987, allowing the United States and Britain to use
the former French naval bases during the Gulf War. Relations
with the former colonial power improved with the visit of
President Francois Mitterrand in December.
Djibouti relies heavily on French financial aid,
estimated to amount to $ 200 million annually; an amount
several times greater than the country's total exports. This
dependence concerned the local authorities, who made great
efforts to expand trade abroad. That was why Prime Minister
Barkad Gourad Hamadou signed a technical and financial
assistance agreement with Turkey in June 1989 in Ankara.
Without being able to dispose of the necessary industry,
the resource-poor Djibouti economy had to concentrate on the
tourism sector, which had been expanded following the
expansion of the capital's port in 1984.
In 1990, France amortized Djibouti's foreign debt of
about $ 40 million as part of its support for its
development policy. In 1991, the conflict between the
government and the resistance movement escalated the Front
to the Restoration of Unity and Democracy, FRUD. In
November, Amnesty International accused the government of
torturing 300 prisoners, prompting France to press Gouled to
start a dialogue with the opposition.