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Czech Republic

Yearbook 2009

Czech Republic. According to countryaah, the country's troubled domestic policy had consequences for the EU during the year. The country took over as president of the Union at the New Year, when the government was weakened by the electoral defeat in the regions and divided in the view of the EU. In addition, President Václav Klaus was an outspoken opponent of the new EU Treaty, the so-called Lisbon Treaty. The government was reshaped in January, when the Christian Democrats' mutilated leaders left the coalition and three more ministers left. Among them was the Minister of Health, who received harsh criticism for the introduction of patient fees for doctor's visits. The Chamber of Deputies approved the Lisbon Treaty in February, but then again stood the Senate's vote and the President's signature.

2009 Czech Republic

In March, Mirek Topolánek's bourgeois coalition was defeated by the left opposition and independent members in a vote of no confidence in Parliament. Thus, the EU Presidency was without a regular government. In May, the Czech Republic was given a transitional government led by economic expert Jan Fischer, who like many of the ministers was partyless. However, Fischer's and a few other new ministers' past in the old Czechoslovak Communist Party sparked debate.

The Senate approved the EU's Lisbon Treaty in May, but President Klaus declared that he would wait to sign the treaty until Ireland held its new referendum. The new government under Fischer struggled with cuts to try to reduce the budget deficit from 7.5 to 5.2 percent. Following a threat of resignation, Fischer was approved in Parliament in September for the planned austerity and tax increases. New elections had been announced until October but were postponed indefinitely following a decision in the Constitutional Court. A settlement between the parties to place the elections in November was halted by the left parties, which according to critics would benefit from a later election if the financial difficulties continued.

When the Irish people voted in favor of the EU's Lisbon Treaty in October, Czech President Klaus still refused to sign it. Furthermore, a number of Czech senators asked the country's constitutional court to re-examine whether the EU's new treaty violated the Czech Constitution. President Klaus also requested that the Treaty be exempted by guaranteeing that confiscated property could not be recovered by Germans expelled from Czechoslovakia after the Second World War. The Swedish EU President Fredrik Reinfeldt was dismissive. Prime Minister Fischer tried to mediate between his own president and the Union, and at an EU summit in late October, the Czech Republic got its exception. When the Constitutional Court declared that the Lisbon Treaty did not violate the Czech Constitution,

The US announced in the fall that plans for an American robotic shield in the Czech Republic and Poland were scrapped in favor of a mobile missile defense. The country's president Klaus explained that the message did not impair the country's relations with the United States.

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