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Yearbook 2009

Chad. In January, the UN Security Council approved plans for a peace force for Chad and the Central African Republic. In March, the UN force assumed responsibility for the peace mission previously led by the EU in the area. The UN force had about 2,000 members from the beginning and the number would increase to 5,200 during the year. Its mission was primarily to protect about 450,000 refugees in the violent border areas, where fighting between rebels and the military is common. A UN report in the autumn said that security has not improved much for the population since MINURCAT began its mission.

2009 Chad

According to countryaah, Chad and Sudan, who often accused each other of supporting rebels on both sides, signed another peace treaty in early May. But only days later, Chadian rebels were reported to have entered the country from Sudan. The Chad government accused Sudan of also sending in Sudanese government soldiers, which was denied. The fighting between the rebels and the government army, backed by the Air Force, forced the UN to suspend emergency aid to refugees in the area and evacuate personnel. The rebel attack was fought and Chad's army then crossed the border into Sudan and attacked several of the rebels' camps, which were also bombed. Sudan protested against the intrusion, but Chad asserted its right to go after rebels who attacked the country from Sudanese territory. Shortly thereafter, a military base in western Sudan was attacked by the Darfur rebels JEM, which is considered to have relations with Chad's President Idriss Déby. Six aid organizations temporarily suspended their work in eastern Chad in November after an aid worker was murdered and one kidnapped. The rebel resistance in the east was considerably weakened, and in December the United Resistance Front (URF) rebels were attacked by the Air Force and the army.

During the year, the World Bank decided to invest the equivalent of SEK 1 and a half billion to increase access to the Internet through broadband in central Africa. The project would start in Chad and neighboring Cameroon.

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