Burundi. A more than two decades-long civil war ended in
January when the last remaining Huturebel National
Liberation Forces (FNL) announced that they had canceled the
armed struggle. In return, the government released 247
imprisoned FNL members. The complicated civil war in Burundi
is estimated to have killed some 300,000 people.
In April, FNL was registered as a political party and
declared its intention to participate in the 2010
parliamentary elections. Before that, the disarmament of the
former militia had been initiated under the surveillance of
soldiers from the African Union. Under the peace agreement,
3,500 people would be included in the army and the national
police, and an additional 5,000 would be paid for 18 months
while searching for other jobs.
After lengthy negotiations, Parliament was able to agree
on a new election law in September. The members were
subjected to severe pressure from the outside world to reach
an agreement not to jeopardize the elections in 2010. Other
countries' governments account for 80 percent of the costs
of the equivalent of about SEK 300 million to conduct the
election. The new law provides that all political posts from
president to municipal leader must be elected in general
countryaah, nine people were sentenced to prison, one by one for
life, for the murder of at least twelve albinos. The victims
had been mutilated and sold to witch doctors in neighboring
Tanzania, where rumors of magical properties of albinos'
body parts were widely circulated.