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Yearbook 2009

Brazil. In early October, the IOC (International Olympic Committee) appointed Rio de Janeiro to host the 2016 Olympic Games. President Lula da Silva had personally put a lot of effort into the campaign, promising an investment program worth $ 14.4 billion to renovate the city during the coming years. Above all, the transport system and safety must be improved.

A lot of the joy in choosing Rio for the 2016 Olympics was only a few weeks later brought about by a veritable explosion of violence in one of the town's shanty towns. A total of 16 people were murdered, including two military police when their helicopter was shot down. The violence began with the notorious crime league Comando Vermelho invading the town of Morro dos Macacos and a fire broke out with members of Amigos dos Amigos, who control the district.

According to countryaah, President Lula da Silva was sharply criticized for being unable to do anything about the growing crime rate in both Rio and the rest of the country. Among the public, however, Lula da Silva is still very popular. Opinion polls during the year showed he was supported by over 80 percent of voters, which is most unusual among presidents at the end of his second term.

Brazil ended up in international news when the deposed and deported Honduras president, Manuel Zelaya, returned to his country in late September seeking protection at the Brazilian embassy. For two months, Zelaya used the embassy as a starting point for his political struggle against the coup makers. The Brazilian government, which admittedly early demanded that he be reinstated in his office, was obviously badly affected by being at the center of events in this way.

In July, Senate President José Sarney, who was the country's president from 1985–90, was implicated in a corruption scandal that only grew during the year. Sarney should have been at the forefront of a circuit within Congress that has ensured that relatives get well-paid jobs within the state administration. President Lula da Silva was also scandalized by the scandal, as his defense of Sarney was interpreted as an attempt to weaken José Serra, his most serious competitor to the post of his successor in the 2010 presidential election, and his party.

2009 Brazil

2016 State Cup

After many years of high economic growth, growth leveled off in 2014 and the economy shrank by 3.8% in 2015. The crisis caused unemployment to grow and the radical high wing began to see the possibility of a coup d'état. The most important instrument in this process was its almost total control over the country's media, which is centralized in the media monopoly Globo. Globobegan from February 2015 to fabricate stories of widespread corruption in the state-run oil company Petrobras, which the government party PT in particular should have benefited from. Against the backdrop of Globe's intense backlash campaign, the radical right wing organized demonstrations against the government in several of Brazil's major cities. Hundreds of thousands demonstrated in March-April 2015 against the government, and Roussef's popularity declined - according to. Globo to 23% in March and 13% in April.

In March, the Supreme Court issued a ruling that opened up to 50 people being investigated for corruption. These include a number of prominent members of PT. In July, PT's treasurer, João Vaccari Neto was sentenced to 15 years in prison for corruption and money laundering.

The problem of the radical right, however, was that there were no threads implicating President Roussef. From the beginning of 2016, they instead directed the propaganda to former popular president Lula da Silva, and at the same time ordered the prosecutor to intercept the president's phone. In addition to being the subject of telephone interception by the NSA she was now also being intercepted by the radical right wing. In March, Globo published excerpts of a telephone conversation between Roussef and then Silva, who according to. the right wing should reveal that the president sought to help Silva from being indicted. Globo was whipping up an even stronger mood against the president. The campaign triggered new big demonstrations against the president demanding her resignation, but at the same time PT responded again with large demonstrations in support of her.

The radical right wing now led the fight against PT and Roussef into parliament. In April, 367 parliamentarians voted to put her on trial. 137 voted against. Four weeks later, 55 senators voted to put her on trial, while 22 voted against. Roussef was chosen by 54 million. Brazilians and overthrown by 55 predominantly fascists, several of whom are declared criminals (of the country's 81 senators, 33 are accused criminals or the subject of investigation). Formally, she was suspended for up to 6 months, but it is not a court to "try" her case, but rather the same Senate who set her aside so that her time as president is over. The charges against her during the shooting process are not corruption, but that she tampered with economic statistics to be re-elected in 2014.

The presidential post was taken over by right-wing Michel Temer. He may also be tried before a court of law, and has twice been investigated for bribes and receiving return commissions. Half of his 22 MAN big government is under investigation for corruption. Congress chairman Eduardo Cunha was removed from the post by the Supreme Court in May, accused of corruption. His post was taken over by Waldir Maranhão, who is also charged with corruption. Maranhão had to resign after a few days. Senate President Renan Calheiros coordinated the storm against the president of the Senate. He himself is the subject of 11 criminal investigations. (Dilma Rousseff suspended as senate votes to impeach Brazilian president, Guardian 12/5 2016, 'Trust me': Michel Temer takes over as interim Brazil president, Guardian 13/5 2016, 'A lot of testosterone and little pigment': Brazil's old elite deals a blow to diversity, Guardian 13/5 2016).

Two weeks after the coup, two of Temer's ministers had had to leave the government because of financial crime. That included Planning Minister Romero Juca and "Anti-Corruption Minister" Fabiano Silveira. (Lava Jato: Brazilian anti-corruption minister quits over secret recording, Guardian 31/5 2016, Brazil prosecutor seeks arrest of senior members of embattled president's party, Guardian 7/6 2016).

In August, the Senate voted with 59 members against 21 to propose Roussef to a "court of law". This is not a court or legal process, but only that the right wing votes on whether she should finally be removed from the presidential post. Abroad, criticism of the right-wing coup and dictatorship grew. (Brazil Senate votes to hold Dilma Rousseff impeachment trial, Guardian 10/8 2016).

Up to the Brazil Olympics in August, tens of thousands of police officers and soldiers were expelled. The number of killings by the police doubled during this period compared to the same period the year before.


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