Brazil. In early October, the IOC (International Olympic
Committee) appointed Rio de Janeiro to host the 2016 Olympic
Games. President Lula da Silva had personally put a lot of
effort into the campaign, promising an investment program
worth $ 14.4 billion to renovate the city during the coming
years. Above all, the transport system and safety must be
A lot of the joy in choosing Rio for the 2016 Olympics
was only a few weeks later brought about by a veritable
explosion of violence in one of the town's shanty towns. A
total of 16 people were murdered, including two military
police when their helicopter was shot down. The violence
began with the notorious crime league Comando Vermelho
invading the town of Morro dos Macacos and a fire broke out
with members of Amigos dos Amigos, who control the district.
countryaah, President Lula da Silva was sharply criticized for being
unable to do anything about the growing crime rate in both
Rio and the rest of the country. Among the public, however,
Lula da Silva is still very popular. Opinion polls during
the year showed he was supported by over 80 percent of
voters, which is most unusual among presidents at the end of
his second term.
Brazil ended up in international news when the deposed
and deported Honduras president, Manuel Zelaya, returned to
his country in late September seeking protection at the
Brazilian embassy. For two months, Zelaya used the embassy
as a starting point for his political struggle against the
coup makers. The Brazilian government, which admittedly
early demanded that he be reinstated in his office, was
obviously badly affected by being at the center of events in
In July, Senate President José Sarney, who was the
country's president from 1985–90, was implicated in a
corruption scandal that only grew during the year. Sarney
should have been at the forefront of a circuit within
Congress that has ensured that relatives get well-paid jobs
within the state administration. President Lula da Silva was
also scandalized by the scandal, as his defense of Sarney
was interpreted as an attempt to weaken José Serra, his most
serious competitor to the post of his successor in the 2010
presidential election, and his party.
2016 State Cup
After many years of high economic growth, growth leveled
off in 2014 and the economy shrank by 3.8% in 2015. The
crisis caused unemployment to grow and the radical high wing
began to see the possibility of a coup d'état. The most
important instrument in this process was its almost total
control over the country's media, which is centralized in
the media monopoly Globo. Globobegan from
February 2015 to fabricate stories of widespread corruption
in the state-run oil company Petrobras, which the government
party PT in particular should have benefited from. Against
the backdrop of Globe's intense backlash campaign, the
radical right wing organized demonstrations against the
government in several of Brazil's major cities. Hundreds of
thousands demonstrated in March-April 2015 against the
government, and Roussef's popularity declined - according
to. Globo to 23% in March and 13% in April.
In March, the Supreme Court issued a ruling that opened
up to 50 people being investigated for corruption. These
include a number of prominent members of PT. In July, PT's
treasurer, João Vaccari Neto was sentenced to 15 years in
prison for corruption and money laundering.
The problem of the radical right, however, was that there
were no threads implicating President Roussef. From the
beginning of 2016, they instead directed the propaganda to
former popular president Lula da Silva, and at the same time
ordered the prosecutor to intercept the president's phone.
In addition to being the subject of telephone interception
by the NSA she was now also being intercepted by the radical
right wing. In March, Globo published excerpts of a
telephone conversation between Roussef and then Silva, who
according to. the right wing should reveal that the
president sought to help Silva from being indicted. Globo
was whipping up an even stronger mood against the president.
The campaign triggered new big demonstrations against the
president demanding her resignation, but at the same time PT
responded again with large demonstrations in support of her.
The radical right wing now led the fight against PT and
Roussef into parliament. In April, 367 parliamentarians
voted to put her on trial. 137 voted against. Four weeks
later, 55 senators voted to put her on trial, while 22 voted
against. Roussef was chosen by 54 million. Brazilians and
overthrown by 55 predominantly fascists, several of whom are
declared criminals (of the country's 81 senators, 33 are
accused criminals or the subject of investigation).
Formally, she was suspended for up to 6 months, but it is
not a court to "try" her case, but rather the same Senate
who set her aside so that her time as president is over. The
charges against her during the shooting process are not
corruption, but that she tampered with economic statistics
to be re-elected in 2014.
The presidential post was taken over by right-wing Michel
Temer. He may also be tried before a court of law, and has
twice been investigated for bribes and receiving return
commissions. Half of his 22 MAN big government is under
investigation for corruption. Congress chairman Eduardo
Cunha was removed from the post by the Supreme Court in May,
accused of corruption. His post was taken over by Waldir
Maranhão, who is also charged with corruption. Maranhão had
to resign after a few days. Senate President Renan Calheiros
coordinated the storm against the president of the Senate.
He himself is the subject of 11 criminal investigations.
(Dilma Rousseff suspended as senate votes to impeach
Brazilian president, Guardian 12/5 2016, 'Trust
me': Michel Temer takes over as interim Brazil president,
Guardian 13/5 2016, 'A lot of testosterone and
little pigment': Brazil's old elite deals a blow to
diversity, Guardian 13/5 2016).
Two weeks after the coup, two of Temer's ministers had
had to leave the government because of financial crime. That
included Planning Minister Romero Juca and "Anti-Corruption
Minister" Fabiano Silveira. (Lava Jato: Brazilian
anti-corruption minister quits over secret recording,
Guardian 31/5 2016, Brazil prosecutor seeks arrest of
senior members of embattled president's party, Guardian
In August, the Senate voted with 59 members against 21 to
propose Roussef to a "court of law". This is not a court or
legal process, but only that the right wing votes on whether
she should finally be removed from the presidential post.
Abroad, criticism of the right-wing coup and dictatorship
grew. (Brazil Senate votes to hold Dilma Rousseff
impeachment trial, Guardian 10/8 2016).
Up to the Brazil Olympics in August, tens of thousands of
police officers and soldiers were expelled. The number of
killings by the police doubled during this period compared
to the same period the year before.